Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Vorträge, Seminare, Ereignisse

Vorträge, Seminare, Ereignisse

A list of all Physics & Astronomy talks and seminars taking place in Heidelberg can be found at HePhySTO.


Upcoming events


2020-06-04
11:15
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Feedback from OB-stars on their parent cloud: Gas exhaustion rather than gas ejection
Elizabeth Watkins (ARI)
ARI Institute Kolloquium ( Hephysto link )
Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Mönchhofstraße 12-14, Via Zoom. Please contact the organizers (Eva Grebel or Joachim Wambsganß) if you need the Zoom link.
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Stellar feedback from high-mass stars shapes the ISM of galaxies and thereby impacts the gas that will form future generations of stars. However, due to the difficulty in tracking the time evolution of individual molecular clouds, quantifying this is an observationally challenging task. In this talk, I present my recent study investigating the G316.75-00.00 high-mass star-forming ridge. G316.75 contains 18,900M? of H? gas, but only half of the ridge has actively formed O-stars. The second half remains quiescent. Such a situation provides a unique opportunity to observationally measure the impact of feedback by contrasting the properties of the two halves. I present archived Herschel and molecular line data of G316.75 and use this to calculate the balance between the kinetic and gravitational energy along the ridge. I show that despite the presence of 4 O-stars, the stability of the dense gas remains almost unchanged, demonstrating that stellar feedback cannot unbind the ridge. Using theoretical calculations, I show that such feedback inefficiency is expected given the large average density and elongated morphology of the ridge. However, due to the ionising photons emitted by the O-stars, further gas accretion onto the ridge is limited, leading to gas exhaustion rather than gas ejection.

2020-06-05
15:00
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Light Element Inhomogeneities and Multiple Populations in Globular Clusters
Jeffrey Gerber (MPIA)
Königstuhl Kolloquium ( Home pageHephysto link )
Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Level 3 Lecture Hall (301)
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Globular clusters (GCs) are massive star clusters orbiting in the halo of the Galaxy and are some of the first objects to form in the Milky Way. Due to their old ages and large numbers of stars they are perfect objects to learn about the formation history of our Galaxy and the evolution of low mass stars. However, studies have shown that GCs are not simple homogeneous populations, but rather are home to multiple populations of stars with differing abundances in light elements such as C, N, O, and Na. In this colloquium, I will present research from my dissertation, which used a large data set to study these populations and the abundances of C and N in the evolved stars of these objects. We focus on three globular clusters, M53, M10, and M71. Our sample includes low resolution spectra of 100-150 stars in each cluster that span a large range of magnitudes, which allows us to study the effects of evolutionary processes on the surface abundances of C and N. We classify stars based on their N abundances into a N-normal and a N-enhanced population. Our results show that two populations of stars are found in all three clusters with both populations appearing in a similar ratio in all stages of evolution. We also find that stars in both populations experience the same rate of surface C depletion and N enhancement as they evolve. Finally, we compare our method of classifying stars to other methods present in the literature, and find no anomalous abundance patterns, and determine that all methods used on the three clusters studied agree on the number of populations in each cluster.

2020-06-12
15:00
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Ekaterina Semenova (MPIA)
Königstuhl Kolloquium ( Home pageHephysto link )
Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Level 3 Lecture Hall (301)
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2020-06-18
11:15
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Improving Gaia's sky coverage in dense regions
Katja Weingrill (AIP Potsdam)
ARI Institute Kolloquium ( Hephysto link )
Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Mönchhofstraße 12-14, Via Zoom. Please contact the organizers (Eva Grebel or Joachim Wambsganß) if you need the Zoom link.
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In dense regions of the sky ("crowded fields"), the standard Gaia operations scheme cannot cope with such an amount of overlapping stars. This has always been a known, unavoidable property of Gaia. However, around launch it was proposed to create special images from Gaia's Sky Mapper CCDs to fully cover crowded fields down to the detection limit, although at reduced measurement precision. During the development of Gaia, such images had been designed for technical purposes, but never been planned to be used for science. These images were recorded starting July 2014, i.e. right from the start of the scientific mission, and were just stored away for the time being. In early 2019 a small working group was set up within the scientific Gaia consortium (DPAC) to work on this topic. The talk will summarize the first steps and initial software solutions, the current status of the corresponding processing pipeline, as well as an outlook to the scientific results.

2020-06-19
15:00
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Sera Markoff (UVA)
Königstuhl Kolloquium ( Home pageHephysto link )
Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Level 3 Lecture Hall (301)
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KoCo Signature Speaker

2020-06-25
11:15
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Observational signatures of AGN feedback across cosmic time
Dominika Wylezalek (ESO, ARI later this year)
ARI Institute Kolloquium ( Hephysto link )
Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Mönchhofstraße 12-14, Via Zoom. Please contact the organizers (Eva Grebel or Joachim Wambsganß) if you need the Zoom link.
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AGN feedback is now widely considered to be one of the main drivers in regulating the growth of massive galaxies. In my talk I will describe several efforts to understand the power, reach and impact of AGN feedback processes. Using SDSS-IV MaNGA at low-z, we found that AGN signatures can be easily hidden in the integrated spectrum of a galaxy. At higher redshift, we find that outflows can indeed suppress star formation in their hosts, consistent with the AGN having a 'negative' impact. However, both star formation and quasar activity peak at z ~ 2-3 where AGN are expected to impact the build-up of stellar mass the most. Our team recently discovered a unique population of luminous high-z quasars (ERQs) with extreme outflow properties. ERQs are ideal to obtain a census of the overall mass and energy budget of both outflow and infall/feeding from the CGM, an essential requirement to probe the detailed and full feedback loop. I will also introduce the JWST ERS Program "Q3D" which we will study the impact of three carefully selected luminous quasars on their hosts. Our program will serve as a pathfinder for JWST science investigations in IFU mode.

2020-06-26
15:00
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Nico Krieger (MPIA)
Königstuhl Kolloquium ( Home pageHephysto link )
Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Level 3 Lecture Hall (301)
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2020-07-02
11:15
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ARI Institute Kolloquium ( Hephysto link )
Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Mönchhofstraße 12-14, Via Zoom. Please contact the organizers (Eva Grebel or Joachim Wambsganß) if you need the Zoom link.
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2020-07-09
11:15
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How galactic dynamics and stellar feedback shape the giant molecular cloud population in galaxies
Sarah Jefferson (ARI)
ARI Institute Kolloquium ( Hephysto link )
Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Mönchhofstraße 12-14, Via Zoom. Please contact the organizers (Eva Grebel or Joachim Wambsganß) if you need the Zoom link.
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Abstract
Giant molecular clouds (GMCs) form the communication channel between the galactic environment and the sub-cloud physics of star formation and stellar feedback. Recent observations reveal galaxy-scale trends in GMC properties (e.g. surface densities, velocity dispersions, and turbulent pressures), demanding a systematic and predictive theory of the GMC lifecycle across the parameter space of observable star-forming environments. In this contribution, I will combine a simple analytic theory for the influence of galactic dynamics on GMC lifetimes/evolution with a statistical sample of ~60,000 numerically-simulated GMCs across three isolated disc galaxies in the moving-mesh code Arepo. The analytic predictions depend on just three sets of galactic-scale observables: the rotation curve, surface densities and velocity dispersions of the host galaxy. The numerical simulations incorporate the features required to accurately model the influence of stellar feedback on the ISM, including stochastic star formation, mechanical supernova feedback, pre-supernova feedback from HII regions, and ISM chemistry. Using this combined analytic/numerical framework, I will show (1) that stellar feedback truncates the GMC lifetime across a wide range of galactic environments, and (2) that the lifetimes and properties of GMCs are predicted to follow clear galactic-dynamical trends driven by gravitational instability, galactic shearing, radial orbital perturbations, and cloud-cloud collisions. These results reveal that the complex interplay between galactic dynamics and stellar feedback plays a crucial role in setting the course of GMC evolution, and therefore in determining the star formation rates of the galaxies they live in.

2020-07-10
15:00
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Rebecca Bowler (Oxford)
Königstuhl Kolloquium ( Home pageHephysto link )
TBA,
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KoCo Signature Speaker

2020-07-16
11:15
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Stellar mass excesses in radial gradients of massive, quiescent galaxies in HSC
Thomas Jackson (ARI)
ARI Institute Kolloquium ( Hephysto link )
Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Mönchhofstraße 12-14, Via Zoom. Please contact the organizers (Eva Grebel or Joachim Wambsganß) if you need the Zoom link.
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Abstract
We explore the stellar mass density and colour profiles of 118 low redshift, massive, quiescent, central galaxies in order to attempt to find hints of the minor merger activity postulated to be the driver behind the size growth of MASSIVE galaxies since high redshift. We use deep imaging data (down to ~26 mag) in 5 bands from the Subaru Hyper Suprime Cam survey combined with Voronoi binning to maximise signal to noise, and perform SED fitting to construct spatially well-resolved colour and stellar mass density radial profiles, stacking these profiles to utilise the full statistical power of the sample. We find slowly decreasing colour profiles, and an expected smooth, declining stellar mass density profile in the central regions of our sample (~3 Re), however excesses of stellar mass density in the outskirts in the form of bumps in the profile. By visually inspecting the data, we morphologically split the sample, finding that almost 45% of the sample display signs of minor merger activity, 45% display a diffuse stellar envelope, possibly indicative of previous minor merger activity and the rest display no activity. We find that the excesses of stellar mass in the outskirts are driven by those galaxies with clear signs of minor merger activity or a diffuse stellar halo, and that this material only contributes to a few % of the total stellar mass. We also apply similar techniques to the data as in previous studies, finding that these techniques smooth out the signatures of these interactions.

2020-07-17
15:00
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Mayte Alfaro (MPIA)
Königstuhl Kolloquium ( Home pageHephysto link )
Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Level 3 Lecture Hall (301)
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TBD

2020-07-23
11:15
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nn
Francesco La Barbera (INAF - Osservatorio di Capodimonte)
ARI Institute Kolloquium ( Hephysto link )
Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Mönchhofstraße 12-14, Via Zoom. Please contact the organizers (Eva Grebel or Joachim Wambsganß) if you need the Zoom link.
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nn

2020-07-24
15:00
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TBD
Richard Teague (CfA)
Königstuhl Kolloquium ( Home pageHephysto link )
Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Level 3 Lecture Hall (301)
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TBD

2020-07-30
11:15
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The Density Gradient Inside Molecular-Gas Clumps as a Booster of their Star Formation Activity
Genevieve Parmentier (ARI)
ARI Institute Kolloquium ( Hephysto link )
Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Mönchhofstraße 12-14, Via Zoom. Please contact the organizers (Eva Grebel or Joachim Wambsganß) if you need the Zoom link.
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Abstract
The presence of a gas volume-density gradient inside star-forming regions allow them to raise their star formation rate (SFR) compared to what they would experience if their gas was of uniform density. I define the “magnification factor 𝝵” as the ratio between the SFR of a centrally-concentrated clump and the SFR that this clump would experience should its gas be uniformly distributed. I show that magnification factors higher than 10 are achieved by power-law gas density profiles with logarithmic slopes steeper than -3. Such steep density profiles describe well the densest regions of the nearby molecular clouds MonR2 and NGC 6334. Clumps with a high magnification factor form stars much faster than expected based on the mean free-fall time of their gas. Therefore, not only does a gas density gradient inflate the clump SFR, it also inflates the star formation efficiency per free-fall time that we measure. The diversity in measured star formation efficiencies per free-fall time thus partly reflects the diversity in star-forming region structures. I provide a method to quantify the contribution of the gas density gradient of a clump to its SFR, thus allowing one to estimate its magnification factor.

2020-08-28
15:00
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TBD
Asmita Bhandare (MPIA)
Königstuhl Kolloquium ( Home pageHephysto link )
Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Level 3 Lecture Hall (301)
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TBD

2020-09-11
15:00
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Arianna Musso Barcucci (MPIA)
Königstuhl Kolloquium ( Home pageHephysto link )
Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Level 3 Lecture Hall (301)
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2020-10-30
15:00
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IAU OAE (TBA)
Königstuhl Kolloquium ( Home pageHephysto link )
Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Level 3 Lecture Hall (301)
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Blocked for talk related to ROSE/IAU OAE.

2020-11-27
15:00
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Patzer Colloquium (MPIA/ZAH)
Königstuhl Kolloquium ( Home pageHephysto link )
Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Level 3 Lecture Hall (301)
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TBD

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